Facts of republican Indian
We’re proud to be a part of this land that’s outgrowing economically with every year. And how can someone ignore the filled heart with pride when the national flag unfurls? A big heartily toast to a country which has embarked its presence since 1935. India is a great country famous for a saying “Unity in Diversity” where people of more than one religions living together with complete understanding, patience and brotherhood.
The three main national holidays are the Independence Day, Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday and the Republic Day. 26th January is celebrated as Republic Day, marking the replacement of Government of Indian act 1935 into Constitution of India.
1) The amendments to the Constitution was proposed on 26th November 1949 but it was officially adopted on 26th January 1950.
2) The chief architect of the constitution was B.R Ambedkar and the first president of independent India was Rajendra Prasad who took the oath of his responsibilities.
3) It is on this day that all the courageous fellowmen who have lost their lives for the nation; are awarded Veer Chakra, Maha Veer Chakra, Param Veer Chakra, Kirti Chakra and Ashoka Chakra.
4) The president unfurls the national flag with a 21-gun salute that requires firing of arms or canons as the military honour. The national anthem is sung at this time.
5) India boasts of having the longest constitution in the world. You definitely can’t read it in one day.
6) The president on this special day is accompanied by a foreign head of state as an official guest and this year it’s Mohammad bin Zayed Al- Nahyan, the crown Prince of UAE and also the Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces.
7) The Constitution was earlier composed of 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules. Now it consists of 442 articles in 22 parts and 12 schedules.
8) The republic day celebration lasts for three days and ends with a ‘Beating retreat’. It is performed by the bands of three wings of the military, the Indian army, Indian navy and Indian air force.
9) The Christian hymn, ‘abide with me’ one of the most powerful tunes is played at the function which was Mahatma Gandhi’s favourite hymn followed by the national anthem.
10) There are two original copies of a constitution written in Hindi and English and pressed in helium-filled cases in the parliament of India. This work is calligraphed and not printed.
11) The president addresses the republic day, whereas the prime minister addresses the independence day.
12) The Constitution of India took around 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to be completed.
By Manisha Chandel