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China celebrating New Year today? All about Chinese New Year.

Gong hee fot choy

Probably the only thing you’d hear if you’re amidst of Chinese. The familiar 'Gong hee fot choy!' means "greetings of riches," and confirms the ancient belief that life's odds are three-to-one in favour of prosperity over poverty, success over failure, and good fortune over bad.
According to the Chinese calendar, we are entering the Rooster year today i.e 28th January 2017, Saturday. The traditional Chinese calendar is a lunisolar calendar which reckons years, months and days according to astronomical phenomena (movements of Moon). It is used for traditional activities in China and overseas Chinese communities (mostly seem in New Zealand).
 
A lunar month is 2 days shorter than a solar month. In order to catch up with solar months, the Chinese calendar inserts a new month in few years. This is why Chinese new year falls on a different date every year varying in between of January 21 to February 20. Though they get an off on January 1st  but the prime focus is always on the traditional date of Lunar New Year.
The beginnings of the Chinese calendar can be traced back to the 14th century B.C.E. Legend has it that the Emperor Huangdi invented the calendar in 2637 B.C.E. The Chinese calendar is based on exact astronomical observations of the longitude of the sun and the phases of the moon.

In Chinese astrology, each zodiac year is not just associated with an animal sign, but also one of five elements: Gold (Metal), Wood, Water, Fire, or Earth and bear a fated personality trait by virtue of the combination of sign and element. The animal sign under which you were born is said to influence your path in life. Rooster is one of 12 animal cycle that exists in the only Chinese calendar and ranks the tenth year. Next to Monkey and before Dog year. In order, they are: Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, and Pig

Talking about this year- there are two springs, 13 months (leap year) and hours of work are from 5am-7pm. (The time when foul would wake up, do errands and go back to their coops)

An ordinary year in Chinese Calendar has 12 months and 353, 354 or 355 days whereas a leap year has 13months and 383, 384, or 385 days.
On every New Year, they adhere to their customs and behave orderly. The New Year Dinner is a must with family members where they serve fish and dumplings, both of which signifies prosperity. Cleaning and decorations start months before the big day. The red packet is a red envelope with money given to young children.

Shou Sui means "after the New Year's Eve dinner" as family members will normally stay awake during the night.

To a prosperous year of Rooster -
• Don’t wear black or white as they represent mourning colours.
• Don’t wash your hair or sweep the floor as it represents luck being swiped away.
• Put away sharp objects as it cuts your wealth.
• Pay all your debts otherwise, you’d admit of debts the whole year.
• Fill your rice jars or other food storage bins as empty jars represent bad omens.
Here are some of the world's most famous Roosters:
• Bob Marley (born 6 February 1945), a Wood Rooster
• Jennifer Aniston (born February 11, 1969), an Earth Rooster
• Jennifer Lopez (born July 24, 1969), an Earth Rooster
• Britney Spears (born December 2, 1981), a Gold Rooster

Rooster Idioms
• 闻鸡起舞: “Rise at rooster’s crow.” Meaning: Diligent and self-disciplined
• 鸡飞蛋打: “The hen has flown the coop and the eggs are broken.” Meaning: A dead loss
• 鸡毛蒜皮: “Chicken feathers and garlic skins.” Meaning: Trivialities
• 鸡鸣狗盗: “Crowing like a rooster and stealing like a dog.” Meaning: Get up to mean or petty tricks
• 鸡犬升天: “Roosters and dogs rise to heaven.” Meaning: Ride someone’s coattails to success
• 杀鸡儆猴: “Kill the chicken to warn the monkey.” Meaning: To punish an individual as an example to others
• 小肚鸡肠: “Small belly, chicken’s gut.” Meaning: Petty